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新冠肺炎疫情期间护理实习生实习意向和心理状况的调查
龚丽俐,姜慧,黄春霞,顾冬梅
0
(江苏省南通卫生高等职业技术学校;南通大学附属医院)
摘要:
目的 了解疫情期间实习护生的心理状况和实习意愿,为今后面对突发公共卫生事件时实习护士的去留问题和护理实习生的临床带教提供参考性建议。方法 2020年2月采用方便抽样运用自制问卷和症状自评量表(SCL-90)对南通大学附属医院211名居家实习护生进行调查,分析疫情期间居家实习护生的心理状况和实习意愿。结果 52.13%(102/211)的居家实习护生希望能正常实习,17.06%(110/211)希望能参与一线的抗疫工作,仅11.37%(36/211)希望在家休息,其余持无所谓态度;211名居家实习护生的心理状况总体良好,其中SCL-90总分≤160分的占91.5%(193/211),总分>160分的仅占8.5%(18/211),除了因子7“恐怖”和因子9“精神病性”,其余因子的均分均低于成人常模(均P<0.05)。结论 疫情期间居家实习护生具有较强的实习意愿和良好的心理状况,学校和医院可做好实习护生防护培训,适当安排护生在不直接接触新冠肺炎患者的科室进行临床实习。
关键词:  新冠肺炎  实习护生  实习意向  症状自评量表  心理状况
DOI:
基金项目:江苏省教育厅2018年高校哲学社会科学研究基金(2018SJA1979);江苏省南通卫生高职校校级课题(XYB201803)
Investigation of nursing interns’ intention and psychological status during the epidemic of COVID-19
GONG Lili,JIANG Hui,HUANG Chunxia,GU Dongmei
(Nantong Health College of Jiangsu Province;Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University;Affilited Hospital of Nantong University)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the psychological status and practice intention of nursing practice during the epidemic period, so as to provide references for clinical teaching for nursing interns. Methods In February 2020, 211 home-based nursing students in Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University were investigated with self-designed questionnaire and Symptom Self-rating Scale (SCL-90). The psychological status and willingness of home-based nursing students during the epidemic were analyzed. Results 52.13% (102/211) of the nursing students wanted to practice normally. 17.06% (110/211) of them wanted to participate in the prevention of epidemic. 11.37% (36/211) of the students wanted to rest at home. The psychological status of 211 home-based nursing students was generally good, of which 91.5% (193/211) had a total score of SCL-90≤160. And only 8.5% (18/211) had a total score >160. Except for the factors of “terror” and “psychosis”, the average scores of other factors were lower than those of adult norm (P<0.05).Conclusions The nursing students at home have strong practice intention and good psychological condition. Safety training should be performed combining with the progress of epidemic. The nursing students could be distributed to the clinical departments without the exposure of COVID-19.
Key words:  COVID-19  Nursing students  Internship intention  SCL-90  Psychologic status

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