引用本文:王晓兰,汤玉丹,魏丽.[cn_title][J].[journal_cn_name],2018,[volume]([issue]):173-175.[点击复制]
WANG Xiao-lan,TANG Yu-dan,WEI Li.[en_title][J].[journal_en_name],2018,[volume]([issue]):173-175.[点击复制]
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急诊血标本溶血相关因素的研究
王晓兰,汤玉丹,魏丽
0
(玉门市第一人民医院急救中心 甘肃 玉门;酒泉市人民医院急救中心 甘肃 酒泉)
摘要:
目的研究急诊患者静脉采血标本溶血的相关因素。 方法选择玉门市第一人民医院2017年1月至6月急诊患者1 443例,收集患者的基本资料、血管情况和采血方法等,记录标本的溶血情况。 结果采集部位、静脉通畅度、是否拍打血管、采血管类型、采血方法与溶血发生有关(均P<005)。 结论外周血标本的溶血与采血部位及方法、采血管类型、血管选择、操作技巧的掌握等有关,加强穿刺技术的培训,选择合适的采血部位、方法及血管可降低标本的溶血率,减少患者的痛苦,同时提高工作效率。
关键词:  溶血  采集部位  静脉通畅度  采血类型  采血方法
DOI:
基金项目:
Influence factors of hemolysis in emergency blood specimen
WANG Xiao-lan,TANG Yu-dan,WEI Li
(Emergency Center,The first People’s Hospital of Yumen City,Yumen,Gansu;Emergency Center,The People’s Hospital of Jiuquan City,Jiuquan,Gansu)
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo explore the influence factors of hemolysis in venous blood samples of emergency patients. MethodOne thousand four hundred and forty three emergency patients from the First Peoples Hospital of Yumen City were selected from January to June 2017. The clinical data, vascular conditions and blood sampling methods of patients were collected. The hemolysis of the specimens was recorded. ResultsCollecting site, venous patency, slapping blood vessels, blood collecting type and blood collection method were related to the occurrence of hemolysis (P<005). ConclusionsHemolysis in peripheral blood samples were related to the blood collection site and method blood collecting type, preservation of specimens, the selection of blood vessels and the mastery of skill in operation techniques. Therefore, training in puncture techniques could reduce the incident rate of hemolysis of specimens, which can reduce patients pain and improve work efficiency.
Key words:  Hemolysis  Collecting site  Venous patency  Collecting blood type  Blood collection method

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