引用本文:贾玉梅,顾娟,王红美,钱静.[cn_title][J].[journal_cn_name],2018,[volume]([issue]):104-107.[点击复制]
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高血压患者的疾病感知现状及其相关影响因素分析
贾玉梅,顾娟,王红美,钱静
0
(镇江市中西医结合医院二病区 江苏 镇江 212034)
摘要:
目的 探讨高血压病患者的疾病感知现状并对其影响因素进行分析。方法 选取2015年3月至2016年9月镇江市中西医结合医院心内科86例高血压患者,通过疾病感知问卷对高血压病患者进行疾病感知评价,并分析相关影响因素。结果 高血压病患者CIPQ-R个人控制性因子、治疗控制性因子、情绪陈述因子分数偏高。Pearson相关性分析显示疾病急慢性因子与疾病同一性因子、严重后果因子、情绪陈述因子、个人控制性因子和治疗控制性因子显著相关(r=0.414,0.423,0.309,-0.303,-0.422,P<0.05),情绪陈述因子与疾病急慢性因子、严重后果因子、个人控制性因子、治疗控制性因子、疾病相关性因子显著相关(r=0.309、0.347,-0.275、-0.284、-0.287,P<0.05);高血压病患者的疾病感知与高血压的症状、社会支持和应对方式显著相关(r=-0.347,0.312,0.345,P<0.05)。结论 高血压病患者存在一定的负性疾病感知情况,同时由于各种因素的作用,大部分患者会处于负性状态中,不利于高血压的治疗恢复和预后。
关键词:  高血压病  疾病感知  影响因素
DOI:
基金项目:
Analysis of illness perceptions and related factors in patients with hypertensive disease
jiayumei,Gu Juan,Wang Hongmei,Qian jing
(Zhenjiang City of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Medicine Hospital)
Abstract:
Objective To study the illness perception features in patients with hypertensive disease. Methods From March 2015 to September 2016, 86 patients with hypertension in Department of Cardiology in our hospital were selected. The disease perception questionnaire was used to evaluate the disease perception of hypertension patients, and the related influencing factors were analyzed. Results Personal control dimension score, treatment control dimension score and emotional representation dimension score in patients with hypertension were higher than those of other dimensions. Pearson partial correlation analysis showed that timeline acute/chronic dimension was closely related to the identity dimension, consequences dimension, emotional representations dimension, personal control dimension and treatment control dimension(r=0.414,0.423,0.309,-0.303,-0.422,P<0.05), emotional representation dimension was closely related to the consequences dimension, personal control dimension, treatment control dimension and illness coherence dimension(r=0.347,-0.275,-0.284, -0.287,P<0.05). The patients' illness perception was significantly associated with symptoms caused by hypertension, social support and coping style (r=-0.347,0.312,0.345,P<0.05). Conclusion There is a certain degree of negative disease perception in hypertensive patients. At the same time, due to various factors, most patients will be in a negative state, which is not conducive to the treatment, recovery and prognosis of hypertension.
Key words:  HypertensiveSdisease  Illness perception  Related factors

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