引用本文:姚晓红,张延丽,杨晓华.[cn_title][J].[journal_cn_name],2018,[volume]([issue]):50-52.[点击复制]
YAO Xiaohong,ZHANG Yanli,YANG Xiaohua.[en_title][J].[journal_en_name],2018,[volume]([issue]):50-52.[点击复制]
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综合护理在预防骨性关节炎全膝关节置换术后并发症中的价值
姚晓红,张延丽,杨晓华
0
(武威市人民医院)
摘要:
目的 探讨综合护理在预防骨性关节炎全膝关节置换术后并发症中的价值。方法 选取2016年1月至2017年1月在甘肃省武威市人民医院行全膝关节置换骨性关节炎患者52例,按照入院顺序进行编号,根据奇偶数字表法分成对照组、观察组,各26例。对照组给予常规护理,观察组给予综合护理。比较两组患者术后1 d、7d患肢屈伸活动疼痛VAS评分,术后2周患膝关节功能锻炼的有效率,患者对护理的满意度、术后并发症的发生情况。结果 术后1 、7天观察组患者患肢屈伸活动疼痛VAS评分低于对照组(P<0.05),对照组术后膝关节功能锻炼的有效率(73.08 %)低于观察组(92.31 %)(P<0.05),观察组患者对护理情况比对照组满意(P<0.05),观察组发生的并发症少于对照组(P<0.05)。结论 综合护理能够促进全膝关节置换术后患者膝关节功能锻炼效果,降低患者术后疼痛和并发症,有利于患者尽早康复。
关键词:  骨性关节炎  全膝关节置换术  综合护理  术后并发症
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.2096-510X.2018.01.013
基金项目:
Comprehensive nursing prevents postoperative complications of total knee arthroplasty
YAO Xiaohong,ZHANG Yanli,YANG Xiaohua
(Wuwei People's Hospital)
Abstract:
Objective: To explore the value of comprehensive nursing in preventing postoperative complications of total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Fifty-two patients treated with total knee arthroplasty in the People’s Hospital of Wuwei from January 2016 to January 2017 were enrolled. All patients were divided into control group and observation group , each for 26 cases. The patients in control group were treated with routine care who compared with the patients received comprehensive care in observation group. . The VAS scores, knee function, satisfaction rates of nursing and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Results: The VAS scores of the patients in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). The effective rate of knee function in the observation group (92.31%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (73.08%) (P<0.05). The satisfaction rates of nursing in observation group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). The incidence rates of postoperative complications in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Comprehensive nursing for the patients with osteoarthritis who were treated with total knee arthroplasty can improve the patient's knee function effectively. It can also relieve the pain of patients and reduce the incidence rates of postoperative complications which promotes the rehabilitation of patients.
Key words:  Osteoarthritis  Total knee arthroplasty  Comprehensive nursing  Postoperative complications

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